Sapphires: Although sapphire means blue in Latin, sapphires can be found in a rainbow of colors. Kings once believed that sapphires offered protection from harm and envy. Sapphires are considered to be calm and relaxing. Until the incredible discovery of extraordinary stones in Kashmir in 1880, Sri Lanka (formerly known as Ceylon) was the standard bearer of sapphire. The Kashmir supply was nearly exhausted by 1930, leaving Sri Lanka as the premier location for the mining of the most beautiful sapphires. Today, sapphires are also mined in Madagascar, Australia and Thailand. Sapphires are found in other colors as red (ruby), orange, yellow, green, blue, purple and pink. Colors other than blue are referred to as "fancy sapphires". Sapphires are the traditional gift for the fifth (5th) and forty-fifth (45th) wedding anniversaries and the birthstone for September.